About the professionals/scientists who wrote letters|
addressing Calgary Regional Health Authority's 09/97 "Position Statement on Fluoridation"
(included with Council's Operations and Environment Committee Agenda)
DR. PAUL CONNETT Ph.D. CURRICULUM VITAE - short version. Updated: July, 1997. BA (Hon) in Natural Sciences from Cambridge University (1962). Ph.D. in Chemistry from Dartmouth College, NH. (USA) 1983. Since 1983, teaching in the chemistry department, St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY. Currently: tenured, full professor. Since 1985, engaged in research on waste m management, incineration and dioxin, and the sustainable alternatives to mega-landfills and incinerators. This research has involved:
Other scientific interests: the democratic dangers posed by risk assessment; science in the public interest and the fluoride controversy. Other interests include the producing and hosting of a weekly program on classical music on North Country Public Radio (Canton, NY).
"He is the only person I know who can make waste interesting!" Ralph Nader
DR. PHYLLIS J. MULLENIX, Ph.D. is a pharmacologist and toxicologist by training. She graduated from the Truman State University (Zoology -- magna cum laude). Her Postdoctoral Training was as a Research Fellow, Environmental Medicine, The John Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore. She is presently a Research Associate in Psychiatry at the Children's Hospital Medical Center in Boston and was Head of the Toxicology Department at the Forsyth Dental Center, a world renowned dental research institution affiliated with the Harvard Medical School. Dr. Mullenix's academic appointments, professional positions held, teaching experience, awards, honors and many published scientific research articles to her name are numerous.
DR. ALBERT SCHATZ, Ph.D. has done research and published extensively on fluoridation and dental caries.
Dr Schatz did his undergraduate and graduate work in the College of Agriculture at Rutgers University. His undergraduate major was Soil Science. His Ph.D. work was in Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry.
As a 23-year-old graduate student. Dr. Schatz discovered the antibiotic streptomycin. which was the first effective means of treating tuberculosis. This disease, also known as The Great White Plague, has killed more than a billion people during the last two centuries. Frank Ryan, M.D. commented on Schatz's contribution as follows:
"So, calmly and methodically, Albert Schatz, barely twenty-three years old, now performed an experiment that would ultimately prove one of the most important In the history or medicine. He tested streptomycin against tuberculosis." -- from Ryan's book The Forgotten Plague. How the Battle Against Tuberculosis was Won -- and Lost (1993)
Streptomycin was also the first effective treatment for pneumonic Plague which is the most deadly form of' bubonic plague, also known as The Black Death; and for tularaemia, brucellosis, and other serious infectious diseases.
Dr. Schatz was awarded honorary degrees and medals, and was named an honorary member of scientific, medical and dental societies in Europe, Latin America and the United States. He received the Selman A. Waksman Honorary Lectureship Award from the Theobald Smith Society. the New Jersey Branch of the American Society for Microbiology. He was awarded the Rutgers University Medal for the discovery of streptomycin. The citation which accompanied the medal states that The worldwide impact of this discovery is now parr of medical history. The Society for industrial Microbiology also honored him for that contribution.
Dr, Schatz initiated the research which led to the discovery of nystatin, an important antibiotic which controls serious fungus and yeast infections. He has also done research with other infectious diseases, cancer, multiple sclerosis, atherosclerosis, the proteolysis-chelation theory of dental caries, fluoridation, the role of chelation in the formation and fertility of soils, and the use of garbage and soil to teach science. He was a consultant in Science Education to the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the School District of Philadelphia, He has published three books and more than 700 articles. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi.
Dr. Schatz and his family lived in Chile for three years (1962-1965). During that time, he was a professor at the University of Chile -- in the Faculty of Medicine. Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Faculty of Agronomy Faculty of Odontology and Faculty of Philosophy and Education, As a member of the Rector's Advisory Staff at the University of Chile, he helped reorganize research and science teaching in that country. In addition, he was associated with projects at the Chilean Ministries of Health, Agronomy and Education; at the University of Conception and Catholic University; and with UNESCO and the Food and Agriculture Organization.
In November, 1965, the University of Chile awarded him an Honorary Degree for his contributions to that country. He has honorary degrees from four other American universities.
Dr. Schatz has been doing research in many areas for more than half a century. His present interests are the social responsibility of science, and how world-wide ecologic damage now threatens the survival of our species.
Dr. Schatz has been invited to lecture in the U.S., Canada, England, Germany, Sweden, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, Mexico, Columbia, Chile. Argentina. Brazil, Mexico, Cuba. and the Dominican Republic.
DR. RICHARD FOULKES, B.A., M.D. received his B.A. (1950) and M.D. (1954) from the University of British Columbia, Canada.
He served as a Medical Officer with the Royal Canadian Air Force; as a General Practitioner in several remote areas of British Columbia; and, after post-graduate training in Hospital Organization and Management (University of Manitoba 1964) held several senior hospital administrative appointments. One of which was Executive Director of the Royal Columbian Hospital in New Westminster, B.C., one of the largest general hospitals in the province.
In 1972, he was commissioned by the B.C. Government to "review all aspects of the province's health care system and make recommendations that could lead to its 'rationalization'". A two volume report entitled "Health Security for British Columbians (colloquially termed "The Foulkes Report") was released in December 1973. It contained 264 recommendations, one of which advocated "mandatory" fluoridation of drinking water. A further seven volumes containing details of the background studies were published in 1974.
Concurrently with the study, a number of health-related new programs were developed. These included: Community Health Center pilot projects; a Provincial prescription drug program; Provincial emergency (ambulance) services program; a long term care program; feasibility studies for a dental care program for children and others,
Dr. Foulkes held a position as Assistant Professor in U.B.C.'s Department of Health Care and Epidemiology from 1973 to 1977. Since 1977, he returned to General Medical Practice and has carried out a number of studies and activities as a private consultant in health service administration.
In 1990, his view of the positive advantages of fluoridation was challenged. As a result, he and his wife, Anne, have spent much of their time during the past five years reviewing the topic and participating in International Conferences (Kyoto, Japan, 1992; Beijing, China, 1994) on fluoride and its effects. Over the years, Dr, Foulkes has published numerous papers in medical. journals and articles in trade magazines and news papers dealing with health issues. Journals include: Canadian Medical Association Journal; Journal of the American Medical Association; Journal of American Hospital Association; American Journal of Mental Deficiency; and, Medical Services Journal, Canada . He was "Contributing Editor" for Canadian Doctor, 1967-1973. His most recent contributions related to fluoride have been published in the journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Fluoride.
J. WILLIAM HIRZY, Ph.D., is the senior Vice President at the National Federation of Federal Employees, a union comprised of scientists, lawyers, engineers and other professionals at the headquarters of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Washington, D.C.
DR. ALBERT BURGSTAHLER, Ph.D. received his B.S. degree in chemistry (Magna cum Laude) from the University of Notre Dame and his M.A. and Ph.D., degrees in organic chemistry from Harvard University. After post-doctoral studies at the University of London, a year as an instructor at Notre Dame, and further post- doctoral research at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, he joined the faculty at the University of Kansas in 1956, where he is now a professor of chemistry. His interest in fluoride research began in the early 1960s with work on the synthesis and biological properties of fluorinated amino acids. He has authored and coauthored numerous scientific publications.
DAVID R. HILL, P.Eng., Professor Emeritus, University of CalgaryDegrees and professional qualifications
A.K. Susheela Ph.D., Professor of Histocytochemistry and head of the Fluorosis Research & Rural Development Foundation (focuses on the prevention and control of fluorosis, which is a major public health problem in 16 states in India.Some highlights